What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an infection involving the structures around the teeth. The structures include the gums, alveolar bone or periodontal ligament. The early stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis – which is an infection involving the gums. The first signs of the issue include bleeding gums, a sign which many individuals ignore. As the disease progresses, more of the surrounding tissue becomes infected.
Periodontal disease – what causes the disease?
Periodontal disease is the result of harmful bacteria found in dental plaque. The plaque forms on the teeth in just a few hours after you have brushed and flossed. The immune system will release a substance that causes inflammation around the gums or other structures of the teeth, to remove the bacteria from the body. The body attempts to remove the plaque but creates gingivitis – where the gums begin to bleed.
Should oral hygiene continue to slip, the plaque built up on the teeth will eventually start to move below the gum line. Once below the gum line, your toothbrush is powerless in cleaning the bacteria away. Proper flossing techniques may dislodge the plaque. But, if the plaque isn’t removed, the bacteria in the plaque will continue to multiply, causing more serious health issues.
Periodontal disease – preventative measures
Prevention of the onset of periodontal disease involves practicing good oral hygiene habits. You should visit the dentist on a regular basis, brush your teeth carefully twice a day and floss. When you’ve brushed and flossed correctly, most of the plaque on the teeth become removed. Professional cleanings remove the remaining plaque. Our hygienists help to keep plaque at bay in areas which may be harder for your toothbrush or floss to reach. The combination of at-home oral hygiene and regular dental visits for preventive care is your best chance at periodontal disease prevention.
At Regent Avenue Dental Centre, we treat your teeth and gums like a member of our own family. We will care for you with regularly scheduled dental cleanings. Also, our team of dentists and dental hygienists will recommend other dental treatments which can lead to an even healthier, happier smile. Make Regent Avenue Dental Centre your dental office of choice. Call us at 204.817.8915 to make your next appointment today!